Canebrake Rattlesnake

Canebrake Rattlesnake: (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus)

Canebrake rattlesnakes (Cortalus horridus atricaudatus) belongs to the crotalinae family, also known as a pit vipers. The canebrake rattlesnake averages in size between 30 to 60 inches long, with the record being 74 inches long.  

Canebrake rattlesnakes color patterns consist of a pinkish to light tan color with dark brown to black blotches and chevrons. They also have a marked dark stripe down their backs and a stripe from the eye to its jaw.  Their heads are triangular shaped and much wider than their neck. They also have a pit below each eye. Their pupil is vertical and elliptical. The black tail is tipped with a rattle.

Canebrake rattlesnakes are found in the northern parts of Florida, such as Alachua County, Suwannee County, Dixie County and Hamilton County. They inhabit areas such as hard - wood pine forest and cane fields. Basically any forest with rugged terrains.
 
Canebrake rattlesnakes are carnivores, meaning they only consume meat and primarily consume rodents, squirrels, small birds, rabbits, other snakes, lizards, frogs and other small animals. They are capable of consuming other rattlesnakes, but commonly consume garter snakes.


Canebrake rattlesnakes are diurnal during the Spring and Fall and  nocturnal during the summer. During the summer the pregnant females seem to prefer open, rocky ledges where the temperatures are higher, while males and non - pregnant females tend to spend more time in cooler, denser woodlands with more of a closed forest. Most canebrake rattlesnakes are docile when encountered in the wild.They often remain coiled or stretched out without moving. If threatened they will not hesitate to strike and deliver a serious bite. Their venom is haemotoxic, which causes damage to the red blood cells and the walls of the blood vessels. If you are ever bitten by a diamondback rattlesnake seek immediate medical attention.

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