Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake: (Sistrurus milliarius barbouri)
Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes (sistrurus milliarius barbouri) belongs to the crotalinae family, better known as pit vipers or the ground rattler. The dusky pygmy rattlesnake averages in size between 12 to 24 inches long, with the record being 31 inches long.
Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes has a stout body, their heads are triangular shaped and board. Their color patterns consist of a grayish color, with rows of pale edged black or dusky spots, some may have a row of red spots on their backs. Their bellies are is a light gray with a few dark blotches. Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes are found throughout the state of Florida, and are usually seen in the summer months. They inhabit areas such as prairies, marshes, watersides and flat – woods.
Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes are carnivores, meaning they only consume meat and primarily consume rodents, squirrels, small birds, rabbits, other snakes, lizards, frogs and other small animals.
Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes are nocturnal, and usually hunt in the evening hours. Dusky pygmy rattlesnakes are very aggressive, standing its ground, quickly striking to defend itself. Their rattle sounds almost like an insect, which can only be heard when standing a few feet away from it. They spend most of their time hiding under debris, waiting to ambush its prey. Their venom is haemotoxic, which causes damage to the red blood cells and the walls of the blood vessels. If you are ever bitten by a dusky pygmy rattlesnake seek immediate medical attention.